When he looks down into the fourth pouch, he sees a group of sinners walking slowly, as if participating in a holy procession.
Dante sees a headstone with an inscription, "I guard Anastasius, once Pope, he whom Photinus led from the straight road. Virgil explains that there are other, smaller circles, which comprise the last three circles beyond the wall that begins the sixth circle.
Circle VII, the next circle, is comprised of three smaller circles: Virgil goes into detail about who resides in which circle and for what sins.
It is growing late and they must leave for the descent into the next circle. Analysis Keeping to his religious theme, Dante again mentions the Harrowing of Hell. The rocks that the poets wait behind fell as a result of the earthquake on the day Christ died and came to Hell the Harrowing to retrieve a number of the virtuous pagans.
Dante sees the headstone of Anastasius, the pope who gave communion to Photinus, and a deacon who was part of the Greek Church that denied Christ's divine paternity. Dante was probably confused on the history, however, because Emperor Anastasius was the person that convinced Photinus to accept the heresy.
The geography of Hell is one of the most distinctive features of Inferno, and it is as meticulous as the structure of the poem. Virgil uses the waiting time, behind the boulders, to explain to Dante where the path they have been following will take them. This break in the action is a literary device that Dante uses to give a brief explanation of the structure of Hell.
The next circle, Circle VII, is divided into three smaller rounds that house sinners of violence, which are, symbolically, the sins of the lion. The first round features sinners against neighbors, murderers, and the makers of war. Dante makes no distinction here between the punishment of those who commit acts of violence against people and those that commit acts of violence against property.
Hence, the first round also houses those guilty of arson, plunder, and extortion. The second round of Circle VII houses those who sinned against themselves with suicide. The third and final round houses those who committed the sin of violence against God, Art, and Nature.
People in the third round are the blasphemers, sexual deviants, and the usurers money lenders.
Dante held usurers in great contempt, believing that charging any interest on a loan was a great sin. Art in this usage means industry, and Dante believed that industry should be the sole means of man's prosperity.
To go against this plan was to go against God. Virgil says that Art is the Grandchild of God, meaning that Art is the child of Nature, and to act against Nature is a sin of violence against God.
Glossary Anastasius in Inferno, the leader whether pope or emperor who led Photinus to deny the divine paternity of Christ. Photinus deacon of Thessolonica who commited heresy by denying the divine paternity of Christ.
Genesis 18 and Cahors a city in France known for its usurers. As the poets reach the final circle of Hell called Judecca, in what condition do they find the sinners there?
Completely encased in ice Full of remorse upon their complete removal from God Writhing in their own, personal, agonies.Dantes Inferno Canto XX By: Ben Gurarie This is the first time since the beginning that Dante start to feel pity for the sinners and because of that Virgil gets angry at Dante and points out many of the sinners.
The poets descend further and come to a group of broken boulders, behind which they rest a bit so that they can become accustomed to the foul stink that rises from the lower circles. Dante takes a step backward in his learning process in this canto.
For the first time in Malebolge, Dante feels pity for the sinners in this circle, and Virgil chastises him for his behavior. Perhaps Dante wasn't ready to see the true nature of sin in those earlier cantos. At this sight of such bodily disfigurement (Dante describes the sinners' tears welling up and streaming down their backs), Dante begins to weep.
Virgil chides him for this, and tells him he can choose between pity and piety. Canto XX. Eighth Circle: fourth pit: diviners, soothsayers, and magicians.—Amphiaraus.—Tiresias.—Aruns.—Manto.—Eurypylus.—Michael Scott.—Asdente.
Of a new punishment needs must I make verses, and give matetial to the twentieth canto of the first lay, which is of the submerged.  Plunged into the . Canto XX of Dante’s Inferno Essay Sample.
Virgil and Dante find themselves in Circle Eight, Bolgia Four. The damned in this circle are all diviners and soothsayers, viewed by Dante as practitioners of impious and unlawful arts .