Early life[ edit ] James Monroe was born on April 28,in his parents' house located in a wooded area of Westmoreland County, Virginia. The marked site is one mile from the unincorporated community known today as Monroe Hall, Virginia.
His father Spence Monroe — was a moderately prosperous planter who also practiced carpentry.
His mother Elizabeth Jones — married Spence Monroe in and they had five children: Monroe's mother was the daughter of a wealthy Welsh immigrant who had settled in nearby King George County, Virginia.
Monroe attended this school for only eleven weeks a year, as his labor was needed on the farm. During this time, Monroe formed a lifelong friendship with an older classmate, John Marshall. Monroe's mother died inand his father died two years later.
Though he inherited property from both of his parents, the sixteen-year-old Monroe was forced to withdraw from school to support his younger brothers.
His childless maternal uncle, Joseph Jonesbecame a surrogate father to Monroe and his siblings. Inopposition to the British government grew in the Thirteen Colonies in reaction to the " Intolerable Acts ," and Virginia sent a delegation to the First Continental Congress.
Monroe became involved in the opposition to Lord Dunmorethe colonial governor of Virginia, and he took part in the storming of the Governor's Palace. After months of training, Monroe and seven hundred Virginia infantrymen were called north to serve in the New York and New Jersey campaign.
In December, Monroe took part in a surprise attack on a Hessian encampment. Though the attack was successful, Monroe suffered a severed artery in the battle and nearly died.
In the aftermath of the battle, George Washington cited Monroe and William Washington for their bravery, and promoted Monroe to the rank of captain. After his wounds healed, Monroe returned to Virginia to recruit his own company of soldiers. Monroe, severely wounded and helped by Dr.
Riker, left of center Lacking the wealth to induce soldiers to join his company, Monroe instead asked his uncle to return him to the front. During this time, Monroe formed a close friendship with the Marquis de Lafayettea French volunteer who encouraged Monroe to view the war as part of a wider struggle against religious and political tyranny.
Monroe served in the Philadelphia campaign and spent the winter of — at the encampment of Valley Forgesharing a log hut with Marshall. After serving in the Battle of Monmouththe destitute Monroe resigned his commission in December and joined his uncle in Philadelphia.Federalist No.
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Hey fiends, Check back here daily when we hit the road for the official Creature Feature tour blog. We’ll be posting updates from our shows, lives photos, tour videos, and all the other strange things we come across as we possess the world one concert at a time.